Canada has long been a welcoming home for immigrants. From the vigorous efforts of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1890-1914 period to the vast flow of Europeans in the post WW2 years, this tradition continues today with over 300,000 new permanent residents accepted each year. Roughly 25% of Canadian citizens were born outside Canada. Canada is also a world leader in refugee settlements, accepting about 75,000 annually. In most years this make Canada the number one country based on overall population. Currently, the majority of refugees come from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.